The industrial safety (safety at the workplace) in the Republic of Belarus is regulated by the law 354-3 “On industrial safety” of January 5, 2016.
The law n. 354-3 determines three categories which are subject to regulation:
- hazardous production equipment
- potentially hazardous production equipment
- technical equipment
The term ”technical equipment” includes devices, parts of pipelines, machines, mechanisms, products or their combination, which can be used in a hazardous production facility and/or a potentially hazardous facility, whose technical condition has a direct impact on the condition of safety at the workplace.
The state supervision in the field of industrial safety is organized and carried out in accordance with legislation on control activities to verify that objects comply with the requirements for safety and health protection at the workplace.
The state supervision in the field of industrial safety is carried out by Gospromnadzor.
Permits for performing work at hazardous production facilities
There are two types of permits:
The execution of certain types of work (provision of certain types of services) in the field of performance of activities related to industrial safety and health and safety protection at the workplace, for which no license is required, is carried out on the basis of permissions. The permission is issued by Gospromnadzor.
Identification of hazardous production facilities
The identification of hazardous production facilities takes place before commissioning. The identification of a hazardous production facility producing oil and natural gas takes place after commissioning and measurement of the hydrogen sulfide content in the produced oil and natural gas.
Hazardous production factors include production factors whose effects on the worker under certain conditions lead to injury, sudden severe deterioration of health or death.
Based on the results of the identification of a hazardous production facility, an expert opinion is issued.
Registration of hazardous production facilities
Hazardous production plants must be registered in the state register of hazardous production plants and may only be operated after such registration.
After registration, the hazardous production facility is assigned a registration number. A registration certificate is then issued.