The placing on the market of machinery or equipment on the market of the Eurasian Economic Union shall be subject to the requirements of the relevant technical standards. These requirements include conducting a risk assessment. The risk assessment is carried out in accordance with ISO 12100-1, ISO 12100-2, ISO 13849-1 and GOST-R 51344-99 and has many similarities with the requirements of the European Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC.

The aim of the risk assessment is to ensure safe machine operation. The risk assessment must not only identify the risks but also develop all possible risk mitigation measures. The risk assessment is carried out during all machine life cycles: development, construction, assembly, repair, maintenance, repair, and disposal. The risk assessment is part of the safety assessment. It is recommended to prepare the risk assessment as a separate document and attach it to the safety consideration.

The risk assessment is carried out in three steps:

  1. Risk analysis
  2. Risk assessment
  3. Risk reduction

Risk analysis:

  • Determining the scope and characteristics of the machine:
    i.e. application, space requirements, types of energy, supplies, and waste products, life cycle
  • Identification of hazards:
    mechanical, thermal, electrical injuries, noise, vibration, radiation, emission of hazardous substances, risk of slipping, tripping and falling
  • Estimate the risks:
    • list of possible hazards
    • description of risk sources, risk factors, entry conditions
    • preliminary risk assessment
    • preliminary recommendation on risk minimization

Risk assessment:

Once the potential risks have been identified, a risk assessment must be carried out for each possible hazard.
The following risk elements must be considered and evaluated:

  • Extent of damage: how serious the injuries or damage to the health of persons are, what the number of people affected is, what the impact on the environment is, and what is the possible damage to property
  • Probability of occurrence: depending on the frequency and duration of the stay in the hazardous area, technical and personnel options to avoid or mitigate risks

Every potential danger must be eliminated. GOST R ISO 12100-2-2007 Section 5 provides a set of possible risk mitigation measures.

Risk reduction:

Risk reduction can be achieved by the following protective measures:

  • elimination of hazards through improved safe construction of the machine
  • risk reduction through the inclusion of supplementary protective measures
  • risk reduction through user information

Elaboration of the risk assessment

A risk assessment must be designed in such a way that the results and calculations of experts who are not involved in the design can be checked or repeated. The risk assessment includes the measures taken and the results achieved.

Risk assessment contains the following information:

  • description of the machine or system
  • possible hazards
  • objectives that must be achieved through the protection measures
  • protective measures for risk elimination or minimization
  • residual risks
  • results of the quantitative risk assessment

Our services

Our experienced experts develop high-quality technical documentation for the conformity assessment: EAC Certificate, EAC Declaration, state registration, fire safety certification, etc. If necessary, we can translate your documents into Russian.

Costs for the preparation of the risk assessment

The cost for preparation of the risk assessment depends on various factors. We always find an individual concept and offer a variety of payment options to meet the needs of our customers.

If you have any questions regarding the creation of the safety justification, please contact us, we will gladly consult you about the offer. 

In our video, we explain what an EAC Certification is and how and where to certify or declare your products for the introduction on the EAEU market.

The EAC Certification and the EAC Declaration are complex procedures that attest your products the conformity with the technical regulations of the EAEU and require a lot of know-how. Schmidt & Schmidt will support you with the certification of your products for the EAEU market.

The EAC certificate of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) is an official document, that proofs the conformity of the products with the harmonized technical regulations of the member states of the EAEU. The products, whose conformity with the technical regulations could be confirmed by the certificate of the EAEU, may be moved and sold in the whole customs area of the member states of the EAEU.

The EAC Declaration of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) is an official document that proofs, that the products meet the minimum requirements of the technical regulations of the EAEU. An EAC declaration is issued by the manufacturer, importer or an authorized representative and listed in the official register. Those products, whose conformity with the technical regulations are confirmed by the declaration, have the permission to be freely moved and sold in the whole customs territory of the member states of the EAEU.

The EAC certificate can only be issued after a quality assessment, which has to be carried out by a certification body accredited in one of the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union. The certification is conducted on the basis of technical documentations, company-internal created test reports, or rather test reports provided by accredited test laboratories, as well as on basis of a manufacturing audit on site. The certificate is printed on an official pre-printed form, which has several forgery-proof elements and is authenticated by the signature and seal of an accredited body. The EAC certificate is usually issued for “complex” products that require an extensive control by the authorities.

With the EAC Declaration the manufacturer, importer or authorized representative declares the conformity of his products with the minimum requirements of the technical regulation of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). As distinguished from the EAC certificate, the EAC declaration is issued by the manufacturer or importer himself. All necessary tests and analysis are or made by the manufacturer or in some cases by the laboratory. The applicant issues the EAC declaration himself on a usual piece of paper. The EAC declaration has to be listed in the uniform register of the EAEU by an accredited certification body of one of the member states of the EAEU.

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