The land register of Moldova is under the jurisdiction of the Agency of State Services which comprises the department of cadastre and territorial cadastral bodies (earlier – territorial cadastral offices) and Agency of Land Relations and Cadastre.
According to the instruction of the Agency of Land Relations and Cadastre No. 112 dated June 22, 2005 as amended as of 2018, registration of real estate in the Register may be:
- primary - entry of a first record in the land register, property rights to it and owners
- current - making amendments in the land register
The land register includes:
- land plots
- buildings and constructions tightly linked with land. A construction tightly linked with land implies any structure erected above ground or under ground which tightly adjoins land (by means of a foundation, pillars, supports) that is which cannot be detached (cannot be displaced from one place to the other one). The age of a construction does not matter
- flats, other isolated premises and parking lots in a building
- subsurface resources sites
- isolated water bodies
- perennial plantations
The following items are not objects of registration in the land register: kiosks, stalls, fences, walls, boundary marks, asphalt coating, lifting cranes, structures and installations, operation of which is connected with a land plot or basic construction and which may not be formed as independent objects of a right.
The register on the respective area is maintained by a respective territorial cadastral body.
It is maintained in a paper (card) and electronic form.
A separate card is opened for each land plot and other properties, a paper card consists of a folder and sheets. The Register contains sections: А, В and С. Sections А and В are maintained together and contain records of a land plot, constructions, other objects located on a land plot. Section С containing records of isolated premises is opened when a right of ownership to a construction and its isolated premises belong to different persons. As many sections С are opened as many isolated premises (flats) are located in this building. Section С, which contains records of parking lots in a building, is opened according to the same rules.
Each of specified sections consist of three subsections: I, II and III. Subsection I of each section includes records related to real estate. Subsection II of each section of the Register includes records related to the right of ownership. Subsection III of each section of the Register includes records related to other real rights and encumbrances. Subsection III, in its turn, consists of two parts. Part 1 contains records related to other real rights (superficies, usufruct, right of use, right of residence, easement encumbering real estate, mortgage, utilization, concession, economic management). Parts 2 contains records related to liens, legal facts or legal relations in connection with registered real estate. A connection between subsections of the register consists in the fact that property rights of an owner marked in subsection II accrue only on properties marked in subsection I with property encumbrances listed in subsection III.
For maintenance of the Register a territorial cadastral body uses: cadastral plan and/or geometrical plan; cadastral file; technical file; register of applications.
Any record in the register is verified by a registrar’s signature. A registrar also puts a stamp on a paper card. If an unauthenticated record is identified, documents from the Cadastral file will be reviewed to make a decision on record authenticity. In case of any doubts about record authenticity, a right holder with documents of title will be invited.
Records related to rights may be of three types in the Register: tabular real rights, temporary record of real rights with a condition of their subsequent confirmation, note of liens, legal facts and legal relations in connection with real estate.
The Register is public. One should apply to territorial bodies. An extract contains data on address, area, cadastral number and purpose. Search is carried out either by address or cadastral number.
Individuals may not carry out search by an owner surname. Such information may be obtained by law enforcement agencies, courts, prosecutor’s office, public bodies by request.
- full address
Extracts from the land register of Moldova may be used for:
- confirmation of title to real estate
- receipt of information about the real estate
- debt collection
- analysis of prices for real estate
- other commercial and analytical purposes
* some data may be unavailable for certain items, or may be provided for a fee.
The duration of ordering an extract shall be reported individually.
Extracts from the land register are provided subject to the laws of Moldova and to the Law on personal data protection.
Moreover, you can order certified translations of your documents into any foreign language.
The requests shall be processed within one business day. Courier delivery of the apostilled extract shall be paid additionally according to the courier tariff rates.
Moldova joined the Hague Convention on simplified legalization of documents on June 19, 2006. On March 16, 2007 the Convention came into force.
Thus, documents issued in Moldova are subject to legalization based on the apostilling procedure, after certified translation such documents acquire full legal force on the territory of all other Hague Convention Member States.
As a rule of thumb, apostillation of extracts takes about two weeks.
|Service||Price incl. German VAT 19%||Price excl. VAT|
|Price for an electronic Extract from the land register of Moldova||from 71,40 €||from 60,00 €||Price for the translation of an electronic Extract||from 41,65 €||from 35,00 €|
|Price for an Extract from the land register of Moldova with apostille||from 297,50 €||from 250,00 €|