The market of the EAEU countries has long been gaining popularity among European manufacturers. In order to be allowed to sell the goods on the EAWU market, a number of mandatory conformity assessment procedures must be successfully completed.
One type of conformity assessment is the EAC certificate. In contrast to the EAC declaration it is drawn up by the accredited certification body on the analytical basis of the technical documentation and the test report provided by accredited test bodies, and possibly on the basis of an on-site a href="/manufacturing-audit">production audit.
The procedure of conformity assessment is often a highly complex and time-consuming process, that raises many questions for manufacturers and importers. This article should help to find answers for these questions. All information provided in this article, bases on the Law № 184 of the Russian Federation "On Technical Regulation" of december 27, 2002 and on the GOST standard 31893-2012 Conformity assessment. Standard system in conformity assessment”.
Steps of the EAC certification process
Usually the EAC certification procedure consists in the following steps:
- Step: Application to an accredited certification body in the EAEU
- Step: Examination of the documents by the certification body and selection of the scheme of EAC certification
- Step: Classification of the products and selection of samples
- Step: Tests and examinations
- Step: Manufacturing audit (if provided by the Technical Regulation)
- Schritt: Issuance of the EAC certificate
- Schritt: Surveillance of the certified products (if required)
Application to an accredited certification body in the EAEU
Only a company with its registered office in the EAEU may apply for EAC certification. A foreign manufacturer is not authorized to apply for a conformity assessment in order to confirm the compliance of the products with the technical regulations.In order to be able to carry out EAC certification, the foreign manufacturer must appoint an authorized representative in one of the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union. This representative will then represent the interest of the foreign manufacturer in the cooperation with the certification bodies of the Eurasian Economic Union with regard to the safety and quality of the products and their compliance with the technical regulations.
The application for certification can be carried out according to different procedures, depending on if it is a single production or serial production.
Batch (intended for batch delivery): all of the specified quantity of manufactured units with the same name and designation as indicated in the Certificate of Conformity and intended for sale.
Product Unit: A single piece or quantity of product.
These and other definitions related to EAC Conformity Assessment are available in GOST 31894-2012 Terms and definitions in the field of conformity assessment (confirmation).
Selection of the scheme for EAC certification
All technical regulations contain descriptions of the EAC certification procedure, the so called schemes. The selection of the scheme, and thus the type of certification procedure, depends on the characteristics of the product, de production or rather the shipment. For the EAC certification, the scheme is determined by the certification body. The schemes of the conformity assessment represent the counterpart of the modules of the conformity assessment according to the EU guidline 768/2008/EG in the Eurasian Economic Union.
The certification body collects a number of documents submitted by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
In order to carry out an EAC certification, samples and the following documents must be attached:
- application for certification
- detailed product description
- product denomination
- instruction manual in Russian
- technical drawing
- technical data sheet
In any case, a more detailed list of documents that can be found in the Technical Regulations, shall be indicated.
Selection of samples
After the examination of the submitted technical documentation, the certification body classifies the product and sends a decision on the application for certification to the applicant. In this decision the required quantity of samples is indicated. The number of samples can differ, depending on the product, the technical regulation and the value of the product (in some cases, the sample is destroyed during the tests).
It is easiest to send the samples as a postal item. Therefore some requirements must be met. More tips that can help the manufacturer select and ship samples can be found here.
Testing of the product sample
The testing of product samples is often a mandatory step in the EAC certification process. A representative sample of the product is tested for conformity with the requirements of the technical regulations of the EAEU. It is also examined whether the product is suitable for the intended use.
For EAC certification, only a certification body may transfer the samples to the laboratory for testing.
The sample tests are carried out in accordance with the standards specified in the Annex to the Technical Regulations (GOST standards) according to a special programme and methodology established on the basis of the generally accepted method of certification testing and depending on the type of product. The programme and methodology can be developed both by the manufacturer and by the experts of the certification body.
The results of the examinations are entered in the test report.
For the EAC certification of some products, a manufacturing audit is provided by the technical regulations of the EAEU. This holds especially for EAC certification for serial production.
The audit is carried out by an accredited certification body on site. It primarily serves to verify whether the production processes comply with the specified requirements. The implementation of the production audit is regulated according to the national standard of the Russian Federation GOST-R 54293-2020 "Production audit for conformity assessment procedures".
Issuance of an EAC certificate
After the production audit is successfully passed, the certification body issues an EAC certificate and enters its number in the unified state register. As official forms are often in short supply, the process of issuing a certificate may be delayed.
The EAC certificate is valid from the date on which it is entered in the single register. The period of validity of EAC certificates for products depends on many parameters (for example the applied technical norm, the selected scheme and type of production: serial production, single shipment etc.), which are all specified in the technical regulations.
After the EAC certificate has been issued, regular checks must be carried out to ensure that the product continues to meet the technical requirements and that the products are properly marked with an EAC conformity mark. This takes the form of an inspection control on the part of the certification body that issued the EAC certificate.
Inspection control is a systematic, repetitive conformity assessment activity as a basis for maintaining the validity of the EAC certificate. The inspection control is only foreseen for EAC certificates. No external surveillance is required for EAC declarations.
The procedure of inspection control is described in GOST 58984-2020 "Conformity assessment. Procedure for inspection control in the certification procedure".
Suspension or revocation of the issued EAC certificates
The validity of the issued EAC certificate may be suspended temporarily or permanently in the following cases:
- The manufacturer and the applicant have mutually agreed to revoke the validity of the EAC certificate because production of the product has ceased
- A negative decision was issued after the inspection control
- Quality deficiencies were found during the inspection control, which have not been corrected by the applicant.
- The applicant has refused to carry out the inspection check or to pay for it, or has not had the inspection check carried out with the required frequency
- The production did not comply with the requirements of the technical regulations
- The technical regulations for products or the test methods, the product design, the composition of the products, the production management, the control and test methods, etc. have been changed and the corresponding certification bodies have not been informed about it
The EAC certificate can be suspended by the certification body for up to one month.
If the inspection control is not carried out in time or quality deficiencies have not been corrected after the control, the EAC certificate may be permanently revoked by the certification body.
The decision on suspending or revoking the conformity certificate is made by the certification body. It is also entered in the unified register. The applicant will be informed of the decision in writing within three working days.
The rights of the applicant
The applicant has the right to:
- select the forms and schemes of attestation of conformity for the goods specified in the technical regulations,
- to address itself to that certification body whose scope of accreditation applies to the declared goods,
- use the EAC conformity mark,
- to lodge complaints with the authorised body about unlawful acts by the certification bodies and centres (laboratories),
- as well as to apply to the court for the protection of their rights and legal interests.
Duration and costs for EAC certification
The duration and costs associated with an EAC certificate application depend on several different factors, such as the classification of the product, any required laboratory checks and the complexity of all examinations. As such the exact conditions of the EAC certification are always determined individually based on the required documentation.
Please note that an application for an EAC certificate can take anywhere from a few days to weeks to process.