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All food must have conformity assessment with the standards of the technical regulations of the EAEU before the import into the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), which consists of Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia, and Kyrgyzstan. The conformity assessment takes place in the form of a mandatory EAC Declaration or state registration. From February 15, 2015, all food must be declared and marked with the EAC conformity mark.

The relevant information on the conformity assessment of food for the EAEU is contained in the following regulations:

The technical regulations set requirements for the production, storage, transport, labeling and disposal of food.

The goal is the protection of human life and health, the environment, as well as the bowing of deception of the buyer by misleading information. The foods must be safe during the minimum shelf life. The relevant limit values for food are laid down in the Annexes to the technical regulations. Disease germs and their toxins, which could endanger the health of humans and animals, are strictly prohibited in food. There are specific provisions for food made using the gene-modified organisms.

The compliance with the requirements of the Technical Regulations is the prerequisite for the import and sale of goods within the Customs Union.

The manufacturer is responsible for:

  • organization of the manufacturing process according to HACCP principles (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points)
  • provision of detailed product description with all relevant information, including transport and storage requirements
  • assurance of the safety of packaging
  • product labelling with full and correct data
  • execution of necessary quality checks

The technical regulation TR CU 021/2011 On food safety sets the following requirements, which must be complied with:

  • microbiological standards according to the relevant technical regulations
  • hygiene requirements
  • content of radionuclide in the product
  • animal health
  • absence of parasites

Conformity assessment for food

There are several types of conformity assessment:

EAC Declaration

The EAC declaration is a manufacturer declaration that the products meet the minimum requirements of the technical regulation of the Eurasian Economic Union. An EAC declaration is prepared by the manufacturer or his authorized representative and registered with the notified body accredited in the EAEU.

The internal audit tests or test reports from a notified body may serve for the conformity assessment.

In addition to the EAC Declaration, one can voluntarily apply for a GOST R certificate. The voluntary GOST certificate is issued upon the applicant's own initiative. The voluntarily certified products may be marked with the certification mark. Any product can be certified according to GOST standards in order to convince customers of the quality of the products. The voluntary GOST R certificate then contains a reference to the EAC Declaration.

It is important to note that an EAC Declaration may only be applied for by a company established in the territory of the Customs Union, which is why an authorized representative from the EAEU is required. If you need an authorized representative, we will be pleased to offer you a suitable company that takes over this function.

State registration

Some food that is imported into the Customs Union territory for the first time is subject to state registration. It is mainly about special foods like

  • food for children nutrition, including water
  • products for dietary-therapeutic and dietary-preventive nutrition
  • mineral water with a mineral content of more than 1 mg/dm3
  • food for athletes, pregnant and lactating women
  • biologically active additives
  • new types of food

Moreover, the manufacturing plants which process products of animal origin are also subject to a state registration. These include:

  • slaughter of animals and poultry
  • processing of animal and poultry meat
  • extraction of raw milk, raw milk cream and its processing
  • manufacture of dairy products
  • production and processing of eggs
  • production and processing of aquacultures

The certificate of state registration proves the conformity assessment with the sanitary-hygienically regulations of the Customs Union. The Federal Service for the Consumer Protection and Consumer Rights (Rospotrebnadzor) is an authority that carries out certificates on state registration and evaluates the data on products.

Without the certificate of state registration, it is impossible to apply for an EAC Declaration, and thus to import the products into the territory of the Customs Union.

The certification bodies accredited by Rosstandart or Rospotrebnadzor are responsible for issuing certificates of state registration in Russia. The registration procedure includes an analysis of the manufacturer's documentation as well as laboratory tests and, in some cases, an inspection of the production. All certificates of state registration are entered in a special register and kept there.

State registration is also provided for new types of food. These are food that is produced according to new technologies, processes and new ingredients, which were not used before. They must be checked and registered before import.

Veterinary and hygiene control

Unprocessed food of animal origin is subject to veterinary and hygiene control. Processed foods of animal origin, on the other hand, are not subject to veterinary and hygiene control. In addition, one shall respect the rules of TR CU 034/2013 On the safety of meat and meat products and TR EAEU 040/2016 On the safety of fish and fish products.

EAC conformity marking

EAC Konformitätszeichen, EAC Zertifikat, EAC Zertifizierung

Once the conformity assessment is carried out, the products must be marked with the EAC conformity mark. EAC is an abbreviation for Eurasian Conformity. The EAC label should be attached to each individual production unit, packaging or accompanying documentation.


Requirements for the EAC conformity marking:

  • EAC marking must be easy to read with the naked eye
  • Dimensions are not less than 5 mm
  • The EAC marking should be monochrome and colour contrast to the surface
  • The EAC sign can be placed in any way that guarantees its legibility throughout the life of products

More information about important features of EAC conformity marking you can find in our article “EAC Conformity marking of Customs Union”.

Labelling

The technical regulation TR CU 022/2011 On food marking sets the requirements for food labeling.
The label shall be printed in Russian language or in the official language of the Member State of the Customs Union.

The label shall include the following information:

  • designation
  • ingredients
  • weight
  • date of production, packaging and maintenance
  • storage conditions
  • company name and address of the manufacturer, the authorized person or the importer
  • restrictions on use
  • nutritional values and calorific value
  • information on GMO
  • uniform EAC mark of the Eurasian Economic Union
  • The manufacturer must list on the label ingredients which may cause allergic reactions.

Packaging

The packaging must ensure safe storage of food. It must ensure the retention of characteristics during the storage, transport, and distribution of food. The precise requirements for filling and packaging food are contained in various technical regulations of the Eurasian Economic Union and must be complied with.

Identification of transport packaging

Each transport package must contain the following information:

  • description of the goods
  • amount
  • manufacturing date
  • shelf life
  • storage conditions
  • number, marks and numbers of the cargoes
  • company name and address of the manufacturer

Sanctions on the import of food

In response to the European Union sanctions resulting from the Ukraine conflict, Russia has imposed an import ban on agricultural products and food from the European Union, the USA, Canada, Australia and Norway. Above all milk and milk products, fish, meat and meat products are affected. The products manufactured according to the technology of cheese production and products with a mass fraction of 1.5% or more milk fat have been added to the list.

Our offer

Our export consultants have many years of experience in the import of food to Russia and its customs processing. We offer a comprehensive service package, which includes the preparation of all necessary documents, the corresponding customs handling, and the logistics. We will help you acquire necessary certificates and permits.

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We rely on the German commercial tradition of management. Responsibility, competence and loyalty are not empty words for us, but the basis of our commercial philosophy. Our customers choose us because we prove every day that our services are the right choice for those who appreciate both your time and money. That is why we guarantee:

  • personal handling of each order
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Our goal is to establish a mutually beneficial business relationship with all of our clients and partners.

We are pleased to provide you with professional and qualified assistance and are at your disposal for further information or questions concerning the import and certification of food.

In our video, we explain what an EAC Certification is and how and where to certify or declare your products for the introduction on the EAEU market.

The EAC Certification and the EAC Declaration are complex procedures that attest your products the conformity with the technical regulations of the EAEU and require a lot of know-how. Schmidt & Schmidt will support you with the certification of your products for the EAEU market.

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